Artemisa is located in the West of the island and is a province created in 2011 from a part of the old province of Havana and 3 municipalities of the province of Pinar del Rio. It is bordered on the west by Pinar del Río, on the north by the Florida Strait, on the east by the provinces of Havana and Mayabeque (which is also a new province) and on the south by the Gulf of Batabanó (Caribbean Sea).
Las Terrazas is a small community and nature reserve in Pinar del Río province. Located in the Sierra del Rosario mountain range (designated a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1984), it has a number of hotels and restaurants and a large area of secondary forest. The secondary forest was planted on the deforested hills by building terraces to avoid erosion; hence the name (in Spanish, Terrazas means terraces). No domestic flights. Overland transfer from Havana around 1 1⁄2 hours. The only hotel, La Moka, has 26 rooms and bookings need to be made well in advance.
An eminently agricultural territory due to the fertility of its soils, it also has beautiful landscapes in the inherited Sierra del Rosario and attractive beaches on the coast of the municipality of Bauta.
The current provincial capital, Artemisa, arose due to the relocation of residents of Havana affected by a fire. The village grew quickly based on the economy of the Coffee, firstly, and later on the sugar cane, surpassing in importance to the neighbors, becoming the second city in importance of the then province of Pinar del Rio. The ruins of the Angerona Coffee Grove, now a National Monument, bear witness to the splendour of the coffee crop that earned the region the nickname “Garden of Cuba“.
The present territory of the province of Artemisa was the scene of several combats during the Necessary War, carried out by the column of Antonio Maceo, during his Invasion to the West. Artemisa was the headquarters of the General Command of the Mariel Majana Trail, built by the Spaniards in the narrowest part of the island (between Mariel Bay to the north and Majana beach to the south) with the vain purpose of preventing Maceo’s invasion of Pinar del Río.
- Las Terrazas Tourist Complex
- Sierra del Rosario
- Cafetal Angerona
- San Antonio de los Baños
- Escuela Internacional de Cine
- Museo del Humor
The main tourist attractions are located in the Sierra del Rosario, particularly the Soroa natural park (El Salto del Rio Manantiales, Jardin Botanico Orquideario Soroa, with the largest collection of orchids in the country) and the area declared a Biosphere Reserve (Comunidad Las Terrazas, Hotel Moka). The Ariguanabo River is also an attraction (San Antonio de los Baños, Hotel Las Yagrumas) and some beaches on the north coast (Baracoa in Bauta, El Salado in Caimito, Herradura in Mariel, San Pedro and El Morrillo in Bahía Honda).
The village of Soroa is a natural place of great beauty and variety, considered a Biosphere Reserve in western Cuba. Visitors from all over the world come to this wonderful place to admire and enjoy the beautiful work that nature created in this abrupt place, surrounded by mountains and rivers.
Las Terrazas Tourist Complex
Las Terrazas Tourist Complex is a rural experience of sustainable development located within the Sierra del Rosario Biosphere Reserve, in the Municipality of Candelaria in the province of Artemisa.
Since 1994, attending to the geographical and natural attractions, the area has become a Tourist Complex, oriented to nature and culture, with a high demand for international tourism. This leads to a commitment, both residents and visitors to ensure the conservation, preservation and control of this place, as well as respect for society and local culture.
Sierra del Rosario
The Sierra del Rosario is a medium-altitude mountain range located in the westernmost part of the island of Cuba. Most of it is located in the Province of Artemisa, including the highest in western Cuba, the Pan de Guajaibón (692 m). While its western end is in the Province of Pinar del Río (Loma de Seboruco).
The Sierra is the eastern part of the Guaniguanico Mountain Range that continues west into Pinar del Río in the Sierra de los Órganos. The Sierra as a whole covers areas of the municipalities of Artemisa, Bahía Honda, Candelaria and San Cristóbal.
Information about Artemisa