PINAR DEL RIO
Exploring the province
Pinar del Rio is a Cuban city located in the province of the same name, the westernmost of the Cuban archipelago.
In this area is the largest production of tobacco, which makes it the center of the cigar industry, with 80% of total production.
Pinar del Rio is the capital of the municipality and province with the same name. Located in the southern plain of the province of Pinar del Río, on the banks of the river Guamá. Its name is attributed to the existence of a pine grove next to the banks of the river Guamá, in the place where it was settled. It was formerly known as Nueva Filipinas (New Philippines).
History of Pinar del Rio
Pinar del Río is the westernmost province of the country and is today an exceptional tourist destination for all those who advocate direct contact with nature on land and sea.
This region of the country was named Pinar del Rio on September 10, 1867 in the vicinity of the Guamá River by local villagers and now surpasses the natural beauty of its unique Viñales Valley and Guanacahabibes Peninsula.
In the menu on the right you will find extensive information on the most interesting places, tourist (or not) and emblematic of Cuba. Everything you need to know about Cuba before and during your trip.
Divided into 11 municipalities, Pinar del Rio stands out for having a natural heritage very suitable for aquatic and outdoor activities. This is how Pinar del Río and the municipality of Viñales are now part of this natural treasure.
To get to Pinar del Rio, the best way is by land. Viazul buses can be comfortably reached for a cost of 15 CUC per person. You can also rent a car from anywhere in the country. Taking a taxi to access the region can cost between 100-150 CUC from Havana.
Pinar del Rio
Its name is given at the request of its settlers and it was not until September 1867 that it was granted the title of city.
This municipality is the current capital and is located in the south-central portion of the province north of Viñales. It highlights its historical-cultural legacy inherited from several generations, in addition to Cays Levisa and Jutía.
As part of a historical-cultural heritage stands out: The Independence Park, where on January 1, 1899 the “Palma de la Libertad” was sown in commemoration of the entry of the separatist troops in this town; the Palace of Guasch, now converted into the Natural History Museum of the province with a mixture of architectural styles; The José Jacinto Milanés Theatre, the old Lope de Vega Theatre where the city’s greatest festivities used to take place; the Casa del Ron, a modern 20th century building where you can taste any of the prestigious brands of Cuban rum and the Fábrica de Tabacos Francisco Donatien, where the authentic first quality cigars are made.
Valle de Viñales
It is located in the Sierra de los Órganos, exactly in the mountainous group of the Cordillera de Guaniguanico. This valley and a large part of the surrounding mountain range was approved in 1999 as a National Park and in December of the same year it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the category of Cultural Landscape.
It is home to the Viñales Valley, one of the most attractive areas of Cuba, which presents an exceptional scenery, characterized by its spectacular natural beauty and conservation of the environment.
The traveler who arrives at the valley can appreciate the Cueva del Indio, a cave that reaches an extension of 300 meters close to the Viñales highway in San Cayetano, in whose interior run 2 underground rivers; the Cuevas de Santo Tomás with incredible natural halls excellent to explore with an access price of 5.00 CUC; the natural reserve of the Prehistoric Park where the Prehistoric Mural painted on a mogote that shows the evolution of life in the natural sense in Cuba and the fabulous Mirador de Los Jazmines stands out. You can make a tour of the valley on horseback for the price of 5 CUC per hour and walking tours with guide service with values varying the places to visit. A local taxi will be available for tours throughout the area for the cost of 20-30 CUC from the main square of Viñales.
On the road to Puerto Esperanza is located the Palenque de los Cimarrones, a fabulous place to relax and learn how the slaves of the time lived. If you are near the José Martí square in the city center, you can listen to good music and have a good time at the Polo Montañez Cultural Center for 5.00 CUC a ticket.
For those who enjoy different species of plants the Botanical Garden of Pinar del Rio stands out for the conservation of the region’s flora with unique attractions of its kind in the province.
Soroa Cuba Waterfall Also noteworthy is the Soroa region, a small complex with accommodation facilities, several restaurants and highlighting the Soroa Orchidarium which has more than 700 species of orchids. You can find several artificial pools in the Bayate rivers, shallow springs and crystal clear waters perfect for enjoying a pleasant bath where the emblematic Salto de Soroa stands out. It is possible to book an excursion from Havana at the tourist bureau for 58 CUC from any hotel.
Península de Guanahacabibes
It is located in the westernmost part of the province, in the municipality of Sandino to the south of Pinar del Rio. It has been considered a Biosphere Reserve since 1987 due to its special characteristics of great environmental, economic and social importance. It is home to the Guanahacabibes National Park and two natural reserves: Cabo Corrientes and El Veral. In this peninsula, the María la Gorda International Diving Center stands out. The place has a beach, a complex of cabins with restaurant, bar and shops. Ideal for the practice of sport fishing, nautical sports and ecological tourism with 60 diving points of great beauty due to the quality of the coral reefs.
María la Gorda
The Maria La Gorda International Diving Center is located in the south of Pinar del Rio on the Guanahacabibes peninsula, and is part of a Biosphere Reserve, is managed by Marina Puertosol, this site is intended for sport fishing, ecotourism and water sports. With a large coral reef with 60 dive sites between 15 and 35 meters deep, they show an attractiveness of breathtaking beauty.
The seabed of the María La Gorda International Diving Centre has more than 100 sunken Spanish galleons. In the depths you can appreciate a great variety of underwater fish such as sharks, giant manta rays and many other species.
It is one of the few tropical jungles on the island of Cuba where there are crocodiles in the lagoons, wild boar, parrot deer and wild parrots, iguana and large jutías. A beautiful place in the westernmost part of the westernmost province. It is a very popular place among tourists who visit the area.
The Maria la Gorda International Diving Center is a very popular place among foreign tourists who visit the island, has a team of highly qualified professionals who in addition to protecting visitors, give classes for beginners.
A great variety of offers and opportunities destined to the entertainment of its visitors are located in the Levisa and Jutía Cays.
Located on the north coast of the municipality and only 2 km from the mainland. The only way to get there is by boat from Palma Rubia (municipality of La Palma) for 15.00 CUC. The north coast of the island is part of an attractive beach of fine white sand. An excellent place for water sports and diving. A true paradise where you can discover the beauty of coral formations, a wide variety of fish and large birds such as pelicans.
It is one of the islands that make up the Archipelago of the Colorados. Access to the Cayo is through a pedraplén, which joins the islet with the mainland and thus allows the arrival of visitors. It has beautiful beaches covered with fine sand and abundant species of endemic birds. Among the major attractions of the place is its lighthouse, one of the oldest in the country with a history of more than 100 years at the service of navigation.